Mulberry trees are medium-sized deciduous trees that are known for their small, tasty-but-messy berries.

There are different types of mulberry trees, including the red mulberry (Morus rubus) and the white mulberry (Morus alba), both of which are common in North America.

Growing and caring for mulberry trees involves providing the right conditions for their growth and ensuring proper maintenance.

Annual Vegetative Calendar for Mulberry Tree

Mulberry trees, known for their sweet fruit and lush foliage, are a valuable addition to any garden. Here’s an annual vegetative calendar tailored for mulberry tree care.


MarchPruningPrune to remove any dead or damaged branches and to shape the tree. Early spring, before leaf-out, is ideal.
FertilizationApply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to support vigorous spring growth.
AprilWateringBegin regular watering as temperatures rise and new growth appears, especially if the spring is dry.
MulchingApply mulch around the base to retain moisture, suppress weeds, and keep roots cool.
MayPest & Disease MonitoringMonitor for pests and diseases, treating any issues early to prevent spread.


JuneWateringContinue regular watering, adjusting based on rainfall and temperature. Deep water during dry spells.
JulyHarvesting BeginsStart harvesting mulberries as they ripen to a deep purple or red, depending on the variety.
AugustContinued CareKeep up with watering and monitoring for pests. Enjoy the ongoing harvest of ripe fruit.


SeptemberHarvesting EndsFinish harvesting any remaining mulberries. The fruiting period can extend into early fall for some varieties.
OctoberWatering AdjustmentBegin to reduce watering as temperatures cool and the tree’s growth slows.
NovemberFertilization PauseApply the last round of fertilizer for the year to prepare the tree for winter.


DecemberFrost ProtectionIn cooler climates, protect young or vulnerable trees from frost using covers or strategic planting locations.
JanuaryInspectionCheck the tree for any signs of damage or disease. Plan any necessary care for the upcoming year.
FebruaryEarly Spring PrepPrepare for early spring care activities. Inspect the tree for any pruning needs.

Caring for mulberry trees involves a mix of regular maintenance tasks such as pruning, mulching, and pest management, along with seasonal adjustments in watering and fertilization. By following this vegetative calendar, you can ensure your mulberry tree remains healthy and vibrant, providing delicious fruit and shade for your landscape.

Adjust care routines as needed based on your local climate conditions and the specific needs of your mulberry tree.

How to Grow Mulberry Plants

To successfully grow mulberry plants, follow these steps:

  1. Select a suitable cultivar: When choosing a mulberry tree, consider factors like fruit production, self-pollination, and seedlessness. Look for hardy cultivars like Morus alba (white mulberry) and Morus rubra hybrids (red mulberry) such as Downing and Illinois Everbearing, which are known for their large, sweet fruit.
  2. Choose the right soil: Mulberry trees can grow in various soil types, but they prefer well-drained soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Ensure the soil has good drainage and is not prone to flooding.
  3. Provide proper sunlight: Mulberry trees thrive in areas with full to partial sun exposure. Choose a spot in your garden that receives adequate sunlight throughout the day.
  4. Watering requirements: During the first year of planting, water the mulberry tree deeply every week to establish a strong root system. Afterward, reduce watering and let the tree rely more on natural rainfall.
  5. Fertilize once a year: Apply a balanced fertilizer to the tree in late winter or early spring to provide essential nutrients. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper application.
  6. Minimal pruning: Mulberry trees generally require minimal pruning, mainly for removing damaged or crossed branches. Avoid excessive pruning as it can interfere with fruit production.
  7. Protect the trunk: During the first few years of growth, protect the trunk from animals by using metal shields or hardware cloth.

Where to Grow Mulberry Tree

Mulberry trees thrive in specific growing conditions.

Consider the following factors when choosing the right location for your mulberry tree:

  • Sunlight: Mulberry trees require full to partial sun exposure for optimal growth and fruit production. Choose a location in your garden that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily.
  • Soil type: Mulberry trees prefer moist but well-drained soil. They can tolerate slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions. Ensure the soil is rich in organic matter and has good drainage to prevent waterlogged conditions.
  • Hardiness zones: Mulberry trees are hardy in USDA zones 4-8. Check the hardiness zone of your area to ensure it is suitable for mulberry tree cultivation.
  • Space requirements: Mulberry trees can reach a height of 30-60 feet and a spread of 20-40 feet. Plant the tree in an area where it has enough space to grow and spread its branches.

By providing the right growing conditions and following proper care guidelines, you can enjoy the beauty of mulberry trees and harvest their delicious berries for years to come.

How to Plant and Care for Mulberry Plant

Mulberry plants are a delightful addition to any garden, offering tasty berries and attractive foliage.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, learning how to plant and care for mulberry plants can help you enjoy their benefits for years to come.

How to Plant Mulberry Plants

To successfully plant mulberry plants, follow these steps:

  1. Choose a suitable location: Select a spot in your garden that receives full to partial sunlight and has well-drained, moist soil. Mulberry trees prefer areas with rich soil and good drainage.
  2. Prepare the soil: Before planting, prepare the soil by loosening it and removing any weeds or debris. Add organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and drainage.
  3. Dig a hole: Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the plant’s root ball. The hole should be slightly larger than the root ball to allow room for root growth.
  4. Place the plant: Gently place the mulberry plant into the hole, ensuring that it is centered and upright. The top of the root ball should be level with or slightly above the soil surface.
  5. Backfill the hole: Fill the hole with soil, firming it gently around the roots to eliminate any air pockets. Water the plant thoroughly after planting to settle the soil.
  6. Mulch: Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature. Keep the mulch a few inches away from the trunk to prevent rot.

How to Care for Mulberry Tree

Once your mulberry tree is planted, it’s important to provide proper care to ensure its health and productivity.

Here are some essential care tips:

  • Watering: Water the tree deeply once a week during the first year, especially during dry periods. Established trees generally do not require regular watering unless experiencing prolonged drought.
  • Fertilization: Fertilize the mulberry tree once per year in late winter or early spring with a balanced fertilizer. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates.
  • Pruning: Minimal pruning is necessary for mulberry trees. Remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches. Prune in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
  • Protection: Protect the trunk of young trees from animals by using metal shields or hardware cloth. This prevents damage from gnawing or rubbing. Remove the protection once the tree is mature.
  • Harvesting: Harvest ripe mulberries by gently plucking them from the tree. Be aware that mulberries can stain, so wear gloves or old clothing while picking.

By following these planting and care guidelines, you can enjoy the beauty and bounty of mulberry plants in your garden.

Mulberry Plants Pruning and Propagation

Mulberry plants are popular for their delicious fruits and ornamental value.

Proper pruning and propagation techniques are essential for maintaining healthy and productive mulberry trees.

We will explore how to prune mulberry plants and how to propagate mulberry trees.

How to Prune Mulberry Plants

Pruning mulberry plants is necessary to promote optimal growth, shape the tree, and ensure better fruit production.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to prune mulberry plants:

  1. Timing: Pruning is typically done during the dormant season, preferably in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
  2. Tools: Prepare the necessary tools, including sharp bypass pruners, loppers, and pruning saws. Ensure that your tools are clean and sharp to make clean cuts.
  3. Sanitation: Before you start pruning, sanitize your pruning tools with a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water. This helps prevent the spread of diseases.
  4. Remove Deadwood: Begin by removing any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. Make clean cuts just outside the branch collar, where the branch meets the main trunk or another branch.
  5. Thinning: Thinning the canopy helps improve air circulation and sunlight penetration. Identify overcrowded or crossing branches and remove them to open up the tree’s interior. Aim for an open, vase-like shape.
  6. Height Control: If you want to manage the height of the tree, selectively prune the tallest branches to maintain a desirable size and shape. Be mindful not to remove more than one-third of the tree’s overall canopy.
  7. Water Sprout Removal: Mulberry trees often produce vigorous water sprouts or suckers. These are rapidly growing vertical shoots that emerge from the base or trunk of the tree. Remove them to direct the tree’s energy towards fruit production and lateral growth.
  8. Pruning Cuts: When making pruning cuts, use the three-cut method for larger branches. Make an undercut first, a few inches away from the final cut, to prevent the branch from tearing. Then make a top cut just outside the undercut, followed by a final cut at the branch collar.

Remember to step back occasionally and assess the tree’s overall shape as you prune.

Avoid excessive pruning, as mulberry trees have a strong ability to recover and may produce excessive regrowth.

How to Propagate Mulberry Trees

Propagating mulberry trees allows you to expand your collection or share these wonderful plants with others.

Here’s a guide on how to propagate mulberry trees:

  • Seeds: Mulberries can be propagated from seeds, which are readily available from ripe fruits. Clean the seeds and sow them in well-draining soil in pots or trays. Keep the soil consistently moist, and the seeds will germinate in a few weeks. Transplant the seedlings into larger containers or directly into the ground when they are well-established.
  • Cuttings: Propagating mulberry trees from cuttings is a popular method. Take semi-hardwood cuttings, about 6-8 inches long, from healthy, disease-free branches in late spring or early summer. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and dip the cut end in a rooting hormone. Plant the cuttings in a well-draining rooting medium, keeping them warm and moist. After a few weeks, the cuttings should develop roots. Transplant them into pots or a suitable growing location.
  • Layering: Layering is another effective method of propagating mulberry trees. Select a low-hanging branch and bend it towards the ground, making a small cut or notch on the underside of the branch. Secure the wounded section to the ground with a U-shaped wire or a small stake. Bury the wounded section in the soil, leaving the tip of the branch exposed. Make sure to keep the soil consistently moist. Over time, roots will develop from the buried section of the branch. Once roots are well-established, you can cut the rooted branch from the parent tree and transplant it to a new location.
  • Grafting: Grafting is a more advanced method of propagation that allows you to clone specific varieties of mulberry trees. It involves joining a scion (the desired variety) with a rootstock (a compatible mulberry tree). The scion is usually a dormant, pencil-thick shoot with multiple buds, while the rootstock can be a young mulberry seedling or a suitable rootstock variety. The two sections are carefully joined and secured together with grafting tape or a grafting clip. The grafted plant is then protected and allowed to heal until new growth emerges.

It’s important to note that mulberry trees grown from seeds may not necessarily retain all the characteristics of the parent tree.

If you’re looking to propagate a specific variety, it’s best to use cuttings or grafting methods.

Remember to provide proper care and maintenance to the propagated mulberry trees, including regular watering, fertilizing, and protection from pests and diseases.

With time and patience, you’ll be able to enjoy the fruits of your efforts as the mulberry trees grow and thrive.

Mulberry Plants Pests and Diseases

Mulberry plants, known for their delicious fruits and beautiful foliage, can occasionally encounter pests and diseases that can affect their health and productivity.

It’s important for gardeners to be aware of these potential issues in order to take preventive measures and address them promptly.

Here is an overview of common pests and diseases that can affect mulberry plants.

Common Pests and Diseases

Mulberry plants may face several pests and diseases, including:

  • Fall Webworm: Fall webworms are caterpillars that spin nests at the end of tree branches. While they can eat a significant amount of leaves, they usually cause only cosmetic damage, particularly towards the end of the growing season.
  • Aphids: Aphids are small insects that feed on the sap of plants, including mulberries. They can weaken the plant by reducing its sap flow and create wounds that may allow fungal infections. Aphids are treatable with the help of potassium soap or neem oil.
  • Whiteflies: Whiteflies are tiny, flying insects that often gather on the undersides of mulberry leaves. They can cause leaf yellowing, stunted growth, and transmit viral diseases. Insecticidal soap or horticultural oil can be used to control whiteflies.
  • Powdery Mildew: Powdery mildew is a fungal disease characterized by a powdery white coating on the leaves, stems, and fruits of mulberry plants. Proper air circulation, regular pruning, and fungicidal treatments can help manage this disease.
  • Root Rot: Root rot is a fungal disease that affects the roots of mulberry plants, usually caused by overly moist or poorly drained soil. Preventing waterlogging and ensuring well-draining soil can help prevent root rot.
  • Fruit Fly Infestation: Fruit flies can be attracted to ripe or overripe mulberries, causing damage to the fruits. Good sanitation practices, such as removing fallen fruits promptly, can help control fruit fly infestations.
  • Leaf Spot Diseases: Various leaf spot diseases, caused by fungi or bacteria, can affect mulberry plants. These diseases manifest as dark spots on the leaves, leading to leaf discoloration and defoliation. Fungicidal sprays and maintaining good airflow can help manage leaf spot diseases.
  • Canker Diseases: Canker diseases can cause sunken, discolored lesions on the branches or trunk of mulberry plants. Pruning affected branches and improving tree health through proper care can aid in controlling canker diseases.

Remember to monitor your mulberry plants regularly for signs of pests and diseases, and take appropriate action at the first sign of trouble.

Good cultural practices, such as proper watering, pruning, and providing adequate sunlight, can help maintain the overall health and resilience of mulberry plants.

Buying Mulberry Tree Seeds

Mulberry trees are a popular choice among gardeners due to their delicious fruits and ornamental value.

If you’re looking to buy mulberry tree seeds to grow your own tree, there are various options available both online and offline.

We’ll give you some advice and information on where to purchase mulberry tree seeds.

Advice On Buying Mulberry Tree Seeds

When buying mulberry tree seeds, it’s important to consider a few factors to ensure you get quality seeds that have a higher chance of germination and successful growth.

Here are some tips to help you make the right purchase:

  • Choose a Reliable Source: Look for reputable seed suppliers or nurseries known for providing high-quality seeds. This increases the likelihood of obtaining seeds from healthy and productive mulberry trees.
  • Consider Seed Varieties: Mulberry trees come in different varieties, such as white, red, black, or purple mulberries. Research the varieties available and decide which one suits your preferences and growing conditions.
  • Freshness and Viability: Check the freshness and viability of the seeds. Fresh seeds have a higher chance of germination, so it’s recommended to choose seeds that have been harvested recently.
  • Reviews and Recommendations: Read customer reviews and seek recommendations from experienced gardeners or horticultural communities. Their insights can provide valuable information about the quality and reliability of seed suppliers.
  • Packaging and Labeling: Ensure the seeds are properly packaged and labeled with accurate information, including the seed variety and any specific instructions for storage or germination.
  • Seed Certification: Some seed suppliers offer certified organic or non-GMO seeds. If you prefer these options, look for suppliers that provide such certifications.

Where to Buy Mulberry Tree Seeds Online

There are several online platforms where you can find mulberry tree seeds.

Here are some popular options:

  • Amazon: Amazon offers a wide range of mulberry tree seeds from different sellers. Make sure to read product descriptions, reviews, and ratings to choose a reputable seller with positive feedback.
  • Etsy: Etsy is a platform known for handmade and unique products, including seeds. You may find mulberry tree seeds from small-scale seed suppliers or individual sellers who specialize in rare or heirloom varieties.
  • Seed Banks and Specialty Seed Suppliers: Explore seed banks or specialized seed suppliers that focus on fruit trees or heirloom varieties. These sources often provide a diverse selection of mulberry tree seeds.
  • Online Garden Supply Stores: Many online stores specializing in gardening supplies and plants also offer mulberry tree seeds. Check reputable garden supply stores or nurseries with a wide selection of seeds.

Remember to compare prices, read product descriptions, and check seller ratings before making a purchase. Additionally, consider your location and the seed supplier’s shipping policies to ensure they can deliver to your area.

By following these tips and exploring reputable online platforms, you can find and purchase mulberry tree seeds to start growing your own tree.

Buying Mulberry Plants

Mulberry plants are a great addition to any garden, offering not only delicious fruits but also attractive foliage and shade.

If you’re interested in buying mulberry plants, there are several options available to you.

We’ll provide advice on buying mulberry plants and highlight some online sources where you can purchase them.

Advice On Buying Mulberry Plants

When purchasing mulberry plants, there are a few key considerations to keep in mind to ensure you select the right variety and obtain healthy plants.

Here’s some advice to help you make an informed purchase:

  • Variety selection: Mulberry trees come in different varieties, including white, black, and red mulberries. Black mulberries are often favored for their sweeter and less acidic fruits. Consider your climate and the specific qualities you desire in the fruit when selecting a variety.
  • Plant hardiness zone: Check your plant hardiness zone to determine which mulberry varieties are suitable for your area. Mulberries generally thrive in zones 5-9, but specific varieties may have different zone requirements.
  • Plant size and growth habit: Consider the size of your garden and the space available for the mulberry tree. Mulberry trees can range from 15 to 50 feet in height, depending on the variety. Determine whether you prefer a smaller, more compact tree or a larger, more vigorous one.
  • Quality and health: When buying mulberry plants, choose reputable nurseries or sellers that provide healthy and well-cared-for plants. Look for vigorous growth, with no signs of pests, diseases, or damage.
  • Container vs. bare-root: Mulberry plants can be purchased as container-grown or bare-root specimens. Container-grown plants offer convenience and can be planted year-round, while bare-root plants are typically available during the dormant season (winter/spring). Consider your planting timeframe and preferences.

Where to Buy Mulberry Plants Online

If you prefer to buy mulberry plants online, there are several reliable sources where you can find a variety of options.

Here are some websites that offer mulberry plants for sale:

  • Willis Orchard Company ( They offer a range of mulberry trees, including the popular black mulberry variety. Their website provides detailed descriptions and allows you to browse and purchase fruit trees online.
  • Carousell ( Carousell is an online marketplace where you can find a variety of items, including mulberry plants. You may find both new and used plants for sale from different sellers. Check the listings for availability and pricing.
  • Raintree Nursery ( Raintree Nursery offers a selection of mulberry trees. They provide bareroot pre-order sales and ship during the appropriate season. Check their website for availability and special offers.
  • Peaceful Heritage ( Peaceful Heritage offers the ‘World’s Best’ mulberry tree, a certified organic variety known for its large, sweet, and productive fruits. They emphasize organic growing practices and provide detailed information about the tree’s attributes.
  • Burnt Ridge Nursery ( Burnt Ridge Nursery specializes in fruit trees, including mulberries. They offer various mulberry varieties that produce sweet, nutritious fruits. Their website provides information on planting and care instructions.

When purchasing mulberry plants online, be sure to check the seller’s reputation, shipping options, and any additional information provided about the plants.

Consider factors such as pricing, availability, and the specific variety you are looking for.

Mulberry Tree Varieties

Mulberry trees are known for their unique and delicious fruits, and there are several varieties available for cultivation.

These trees belong to the Morus genus and are widely grown around the world.

The mulberry tree varieties offer a range of flavors, colors, and growth characteristics, allowing gardeners to choose the one that suits their preferences and growing conditions.

Here, we’ll explore some popular mulberry tree varieties to help you select the right one for your garden.

Mulberry Tree Varieties to Grow

  1. Red Mulberry (Morus rubra): The red mulberry is a native variety in North America, known for its flavorful and juicy fruits. It is a deciduous tree that can reach a height of 30–60 feet and a width of 20–40 feet. The red mulberry tree features dark green leaves with serrated edges and produces sweet, dark red to almost black berries. It thrives in USDA hardiness zones 4–8 and prefers full sun exposure.
  2. White Mulberry (Morus alba): Originating from China, the white mulberry tree is widely cultivated for its sweet and slightly tart fruits. It grows to a similar size as the red mulberry, with a mature height of 30–60 feet and a spread of 20–40 feet. The leaves of the white mulberry are light green and feature serrated edges. The berries can vary in color, including white, pink, and purple when ripe. White mulberry trees are hardy in USDA zones 4–8 and can tolerate partial shade.
  3. Black Mulberry (Morus nigra): The black mulberry is a popular variety known for its rich, sweet, and complex flavor. It is native to western Asia and parts of Europe. This deciduous tree can grow up to 30–50 feet tall and wide. The leaves of the black mulberry are large, heart-shaped, and have a rough texture. The fruits are dark purple to black and have a unique taste. Black mulberry trees are suitable for USDA hardiness zones 5–9 and prefer full sun.
  4. Pakistan Mulberry (Morus macroura): The Pakistan mulberry is a variety that originated in Pakistan but is now grown in various regions. It is a smaller-sized tree, reaching a height of about 20–30 feet. The leaves are glossy green, and the fruits are large and sweet, with a reddish-black color when ripe. Pakistan mulberry trees are well-suited for USDA zones 7–10 and require full sun exposure.
  5. Weeping Mulberry (Morus alba ‘Pendula’): The weeping mulberry is a unique ornamental variety with graceful, cascading branches. It is primarily grown for its attractive weeping habit and can reach a height of 6–8 feet with a spread of 8–10 feet. The leaves are deep green, and the fruits are small and sweet. Weeping mulberry trees thrive in USDA zones 4–8 and prefer full sun.

Other mulberry tree varieties include the Illinois everbearing mulberry, Dwarf Everbearing mulberry, Kokuso mulberry, and Shatoot mulberry.

Each variety offers its own distinct characteristics, such as fruit size, flavor, and growth habit.


What type of soil is best for a Mulberry Tree?

Mulberry trees thrive in areas with rich, well-drained, moist soil that receives full to partial sunlight. They prefer a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5, but they can tolerate a range of soil types. Mulberry trees are adaptable and can grow in sandy, loamy, or clay soils. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged, as waterlogged soil can cause root rot. Mulch can be added around the base of the tree to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

How much sunlight does a Mulberry Tree need?

Mulberry trees require full to partial sunlight to grow and produce fruit. They do best in growing season temperatures between 68 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit, though most are hardy to minus 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

How often should I water my Mulberry Tree?

Mulberry trees require regular watering, especially during the growing season. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged. Young trees require more frequent watering than established trees. Once established, mulberry trees can tolerate some drought. Container-grown trees may require more frequent watering.

How can I fertilize my Mulberry Tree?

Mulberry trees do not require much fertilization. A balanced fertilizer can be applied once a year in the spring. Over-fertilization can lead to excessive foliage growth and reduced fruit production. Mulberry trees can benefit from a layer of compost or well-rotted manure applied around the base of the tree in the spring.

How can I prune my Mulberry Tree?

Mulberry trees require minimal pruning. Prune the tree in the winter or early spring before new growth appears. Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. Thin out any crossing branches to improve air circulation and light penetration. Mulberry trees can be trained to grow in a single trunk or multiple trunks. Pruning can be done to control the size and shape of the tree.

How can I propagate my Mulberry Tree?

Mulberry trees can be propagated by taking hardwood cuttings in the winter. Cuttings should be taken from the previous year’s growth and should be about 8 to 10 inches long. The cuttings should be dipped in rooting hormone and planted in a well-draining soil mix. The cuttings should be kept moist and in a warm, bright location until they root.

How can I harvest Mulberries?

Mulberries ripen in stages and drop from the tree as they mature. They can be harvested by hand or by laying a sheet or tarp under the tree and shaking the branches. Mulberries should be harvested when they are fully ripe, as unripe berries can cause stomach upset. Mulberries can be eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies, pies, and other baked goods.

Can I grow a Mulberry Tree in a container?

Yes, Mulberry trees can be grown in containers. Choose a container that is at least 24 inches in diameter and 18 inches deep. Use a well-draining soil mix and water regularly. Container-grown trees may require more frequent watering and fertilization than trees grown in the ground. Prune the tree to control its size and shape.

What pests and diseases affect Mulberry Trees?

Mulberry trees are relatively pest and disease-resistant. However, they can be affected by scale insects, spider mites, and powdery mildew. Scale insects and spider mites can be controlled with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. Powdery mildew can be prevented by providing good air circulation and avoiding overhead watering.

Are Mulberry Trees toxic to humans or pets?

Mulberry fruit is safe to eat, but the leaves and unripe fruit of Mulberry trees contain a latex that is mildly toxic to humans. Mulberry trees are not toxic to pets.

Additional Resources

Here are some additional resources that provide helpful information on growing and caring for mulberry trees:

These resources offer valuable insights and tips for successfully growing and maintaining mulberry trees.

We hope you find this information useful for your gardening endeavors.