Plums are delightful fruits that can be grown in your own backyard, providing you with a bountiful harvest and a beautiful addition to your garden.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, growing plums is a rewarding experience.

In this guide, we will cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for plums.

Annual Vegetative Calendar for Plums

Plum trees, cherished for their juicy fruits and beautiful spring blossoms, require specific care throughout the year to thrive and produce bountiful harvests. Here’s an annual vegetative calendar tailored for plum tree care.

Spring

MonthTasksDescription
MarchPruningPrune to remove any dead or damaged branches and to open up the canopy. This encourages better air circulation and sunlight penetration.
FertilizationApply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to support new growth. Begin fertilizing as the ground thaws.
AprilPest & Disease MonitoringMonitor for signs of pests and diseases, such as aphids and plum curculio, and treat as necessary.
WateringIncrease watering as new growth appears and temperatures rise, keeping the soil consistently moist.
MayMulchingApply mulch around the base to retain moisture, suppress weeds, and keep roots cool.

Summer

MonthTasksDescription
JuneThinningThin fruits early in the season to ensure the remaining fruits grow larger and to reduce limb stress.
JulyWateringContinue regular watering, especially during dry spells. Deep water to encourage deep root growth.
AugustContinued Pest & Disease ControlKeep monitoring for pests and diseases, maintaining treatments as necessary.

Fall

MonthTasksDescription
SeptemberHarvestHarvest plums when they are fully colored and slightly soft to the touch.
OctoberPost-Harvest CareAfter harvesting, reduce watering to prepare the tree for dormancy.
NovemberFertilization PauseApply the last round of fertilizer for the year, if needed, before the tree goes dormant.

Winter

MonthTasksDescription
DecemberProtectionIn colder regions, protect the base of the tree with mulch to insulate against freezing temperatures.
JanuaryDormancyThe tree is dormant during this period. No active care needed, just monitor for any structural issues.
FebruaryWinter PruningLate winter is an ideal time for major pruning to shape the tree and remove any diseased or dead wood.

Caring for plum trees involves a mix of regular maintenance tasks such as pruning, watering, and pest management, along with seasonal adjustments in care to ensure healthy growth and a productive harvest. By following this vegetative calendar, you can enjoy the delightful blossoms in spring and juicy plums in summer.

Adjust care routines as needed based on your local climate conditions and the specific needs of your plum variety.

How to Grow Plums

To successfully grow plums, follow these steps:

  • Choose the right plum variety: Plums come in various types, including European, Japanese, hybrid, and American varieties. Consider your growing region, climate, and personal preference when selecting the plum variety that suits you best.
  • Planting: Plum trees are typically planted during the dormant season, which is from winter to early spring. Make sure to choose a location with full sun exposure and well-drained, sandy soil. Plums prefer a soil pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.5. Amend the soil if necessary before planting.
  • Watering: Provide regular watering for newly planted plum trees and during dry spells. Mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture and prevent weed growth. Avoid letting the mulch touch the trunk to prevent rotting.
  • Fertilizing: Apply organic fertilizer or well-aged manure in March of the first and second year, along with calcium nitrate in May of the first and second year. Afterward, use calcium nitrate in March and August.
  • Pruning: Regularly prune your plum tree by removing dead wood and shaping it to encourage a bowl shape. Prune just above healthy buds. Consult your local Cooperative Extension Office for complete pruning instructions.
  • Protection: If you live in a colder climate, provide protection from cold winds and late frost damage. Consider wrapping the tree with burlap or using Christmas lights to provide some warmth in early spring.

Where to Grow Plums

Plum trees can be grown in various locations, as long as the necessary conditions are met.

Here are some considerations:

  • Sunshine: Plums require full sun exposure to thrive and produce abundant fruit. Choose a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day.
  • Soil: Plums prefer well-drained, sandy soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Conduct a soil test to ensure the pH is suitable for plum tree growth. Amendments may be necessary to achieve the ideal soil conditions.
  • Climate: Different plum varieties have varying cold hardiness and heat requirements. European plums are more cold-sensitive, while Japanese and American hybrids are hardier. Consider the climate of your region and choose a suitable plum variety accordingly.

With these considerations in mind, you can successfully grow plums in your garden, enjoying the delicious fruits and beautiful blossoms they provide.

How to Plant and Care for Plums

Plums are delicious and versatile fruits that can be grown with relative ease.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, plums are a great addition to your garden.

Here, you’ll learn how to plant and care for plum trees, ensuring a bountiful harvest of these delectable fruits.

How to Plant Plums

  • Choose a suitable plum variety: There are many different types of plums available, including sweet and cooking varieties. Consider your climate, space availability, and personal taste preferences when selecting a plum variety.
  • Select a sunny location: Plums thrive in full sun, so choose a spot in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day.
  • Prepare the soil: Plums prefer moist but well-drained soil. Before planting, amend the soil with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility and drainage.
  • Dig a planting hole: Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the plum tree’s root ball. Make sure the hole is slightly larger than the root spread.
  • Plant the tree: Place the plum tree in the hole, making sure that the bud union (swollen area on the trunk) is above ground level. Backfill the hole with soil, gently firming it around the roots.
  • Water thoroughly: After planting, give the plum tree a thorough watering to settle the soil and provide moisture for root establishment.
  • Apply mulch: Mulch the area around the tree with a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw. This will help conserve soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
  • Prune and shape the tree: Prune the plum tree during the dormant season to shape it and remove any damaged or crossing branches. This will promote better airflow, sunlight penetration, and fruit production.

How to Care for Plums

Caring for plum trees involves providing them with proper maintenance and meeting their specific needs.

Follow these guidelines to ensure the health and productivity of your plum trees:

  • Watering: Water the plum tree deeply and regularly, especially during dry periods. Aim for a slow, deep watering to encourage the roots to grow deeper into the soil. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Fertilizing: Apply a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for fruit trees in early spring before the tree starts actively growing. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates.
  • Pruning: Prune your plum tree annually during the dormant season to remove dead, diseased, or crossing branches. This will improve airflow and sunlight penetration, reducing the risk of fungal diseases and promoting better fruit development.
  • Pest and disease control: Monitor your plum tree regularly for signs of pests, such as aphids, plum curculios, or plum moths. Use organic pest control methods whenever possible, such as handpicking or introducing beneficial insects. Preventative measures, like maintaining good tree hygiene and providing proper nutrition, can also help prevent diseases.
  • Harvesting: Harvest plums when they are fully ripe and have a good color and firmness. Gently twist or cut the fruits from the tree to avoid damage. Enjoy the plums fresh, use them in recipes, or preserve them for later use.

By following these planting and care instructions, you’ll be well on your way to growing healthy plum trees and enjoying a bountiful harvest of delicious plums.

Plums Pruning and Propagation

Plums are delightful fruit trees that require proper care, including pruning and propagation, to ensure healthy growth and abundant fruit production.

Pruning plum trees helps maintain their shape, remove dead or damaged wood, and promote vigorous growth.

On the other hand, propagation allows you to create new plum trees from existing ones, providing an opportunity to expand your orchard or share your favorite varieties with others.

Now, we will explore how to prune plums and propagate them effectively.

How to Prune Plums

Pruning plums is a crucial aspect of tree care that should be done at the right time and following proper techniques.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to prune plum trees:

  • Prune at the right time: Plum trees can be pruned either during the late winter while dormant or in the summer. Dormant pruning in late winter encourages vibrant growth in spring and reduces the risk of damage to the tree. Summer pruning is useful for managing tree size and thinning overcrowded growth.
  • Cut the tree to size after planting: During the first dormant season after planting, it is important to prune young plum trees to encourage proper growth. Shortly after planting, reduce the tree’s height to approximately 30 inches, making the cut just above a bud. This initial pruning helps establish a suitable shape.
  • Create a scaffold whorl: Choose four evenly spaced branches to serve as the tree’s “scaffold whorl.” These branches provide structure and balance to the tree’s shape. Cut back each branch to an appropriate length, considering the desired size of the mature tree.
  • Remove crossing, weak, and diseased material: On established plum trees, carefully remove any crossing branches, weak growth, and diseased wood. This selective pruning helps improve airflow and light penetration throughout the canopy.
  • Thin the tree if necessary: If the plum tree becomes crowded or overgrown, further thinning can be done in July. This involves removing excess branches to maintain an open-centered tree and allow for better fruit development.

How to Propagate Plums

Propagating plum trees offers the opportunity to create new trees from existing ones, whether for personal use or sharing with others.

Here are some methods to propagate plums:

  • Grafting: Grafting is a common technique used to propagate plum trees. It involves joining a scion (a piece of the desired plum variety) with a compatible rootstock. This method allows you to reproduce the exact characteristics of the parent tree.
  • Softwood cuttings: Softwood cuttings can be taken from plum trees during the active growing season, usually in late spring or early summer. Select healthy, non-flowering shoots and take cuttings that are 4 to 6 inches long. Remove the lower leaves and dip the cut end in a rooting hormone before planting in a suitable rooting medium.
  • Suckers: Plum trees often produce suckers, which are shoots arising from the base of the tree. These suckers can be carefully separated from the parent tree and transplanted to create new trees. Ensure that the suckers have well-developed roots before transplanting them.
  • Seed propagation: While it is possible to grow plum trees from seeds, keep in mind that the resulting tree may not exhibit the same characteristics as the parent. Plum seeds need to undergo a period of cold stratification before planting in a well-draining soil mix. However, it’s worth noting that seed-grown plums may take longer to bear fruit.

By following these pruning and propagation techniques, you can effectively care for your plum trees, promoting healthy growth, optimal fruit production, and even expand your orchard by creating new trees.

Remember to prune at the right time and propagate using suitable methods for the best results.

Plums Pests and Diseases

Plums, like any other fruit trees, are susceptible to various pests and diseases that can affect their health and productivity.

As a diligent gardener, it is important to be aware of these potential issues and take appropriate measures to prevent and manage them.

Now, we will explore the common pests and diseases that can affect plums and provide valuable insights on how to identify and treat them effectively.

Common Pests and Diseases

Plums can face several pests and diseases that may compromise the health and yield of the tree.

Here are some of the common pests and diseases that affect plums:

  • Plum Pox Virus: This viral disease causes leaf curling and yellow spots on the fruit. To manage this disease, it is essential to remove infected branches and ensure the tools used for pruning are cleaned with alcohol to prevent further spread.
  • Brown Rot: Brown rot is a fungal disease that results in shriveled fruit with gray to brown-black spots. Proper management includes removing infected fruit and pruning out dead wood to prevent the spread of the fungus.
  • Leaf Curl: Leaf curl, caused by a fungal infection, leads to curled and distorted leaves. Applying copper-based fungicides can help control the disease and minimize its impact on the tree.
  • Bacterial Spot: Bacterial spot manifests as small, dark spots on leaves or fruit. Treating with copper-based fungicides can help manage the disease effectively.
  • Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that can be found on the undersides of plum leaves. Using insecticidal soap or horticultural oil can help control aphid populations and minimize damage to the tree.
  • Plum Curculio: Plum curculio is a type of weevil whose C-shaped larvae tunnel into the fruit, causing damage. The use of insecticides can help prevent infestations and protect the fruit from curculio damage.

These are just a few examples of the pests and diseases that can affect plums.

It is important to be vigilant and monitor your plum trees regularly for any signs of infestation or disease.

Early detection and prompt action are key to preventing the spread and minimizing the impact on your plum harvest.

By implementing proper cultural practices, such as maintaining tree health, providing adequate sunlight and water, and practicing good sanitation, you can create an environment that is less conducive to pests and diseases.

Additionally, exploring organic methods, such as beneficial insect attraction and companion planting, can help control pests naturally and reduce reliance on chemical interventions.

Remember, a healthy and thriving plum tree is less susceptible to pests and diseases.

Regular monitoring, proper care, and timely intervention will go a long way in ensuring a successful and bountiful plum harvest.

Buying Plums Seeds

Welcome to the fascinating world of buying plum seeds, where you can embark on a journey of growing your own plum trees and enjoying the delightful fruits they bear.

Whether you have a small garden or ample space, purchasing high-quality plum seeds is the first step towards a fruitful gardening experience.

Now, we will provide you with advice on buying plum seeds and recommend reliable sources where you can find them online.

Advice on Buying Plums Seeds

When it comes to buying plum seeds, there are a few important factors to consider to ensure successful growth and a bountiful harvest.

Here are some valuable tips:

  • Choose Local Varieties: Opt for plum seeds of varieties that are well-suited to your local climate. This ensures that the trees will thrive and produce abundant fruit in your specific growing conditions.
  • Look for Ripe Plums: Purchase ripe plums from a market stall. The tastier the plum, the better chances its seeds will carry on desirable traits. Select plums grown locally or in a similar climate to increase the likelihood of successful germination.
  • Prepare the Seeds: Once you’ve enjoyed the flesh of the plum, remove all the fruit from the pit, leaving it bare. Allow the pit to dry for a few days on a windowsill, which makes it easier to crack open and extract the seed.
  • Crack the Pit: Gently crack the dried plum pit using a small nutcracker, being careful not to damage the seed inside. Avoid cracking too hard, as a smashed seed cannot be planted.
  • Perform the Float Test: Place the cracked seed in a glass of water. If it sinks, it indicates viability for germination. If it floats, continue cracking pits until you find a seed that sinks.
  • Germination Process: Soak the viable seed overnight in a glass of room temperature water. Then, fill a plastic bag or canning jar two-thirds full with rich compost. Place the seed inside, seal the container, and refrigerate it at around 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 Celsius). This cold stratification process encourages germination.
  • Choose a Suitable Planting Location: Select a permanent spot in your yard for planting the plum trees. Consider factors like sunlight, soil quality, and adequate spacing for proper growth and development.
  • Prepare the Soil: Before planting, ensure the soil is well-drained and enriched with organic matter. Plums prefer clay or loamy soils but dislike waterlogged conditions. If necessary, amend the soil to improve drainage and fertility.
  • Consider Self-Fertile Varieties: When purchasing plum trees, check if the variety you choose is self-fertile or requires cross-pollination with another variety. If cross-pollination is required, plant multiple plum trees to ensure fruit production.
  • Additional Care: During the growing season, provide adequate water, especially as plums have high moisture requirements. Applying organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen in spring can help increase yield. Mulching around the base of the tree with organic material suppresses weeds and improves soil moisture retention. Consider under-planting beneficial companion plants like comfrey, borage, alliums, and tansy to create a fruit tree “guild” that provides additional benefits.

By following these tips, you’ll be well on your way to growing your own plum trees and enjoying the beauty and deliciousness they bring to your garden.

Where to Buy Plums Seeds Online

If you prefer the convenience of purchasing plum seeds online, several reputable platforms offer a wide selection.

Here are some reliable sources:

  • Umeya Singapore: Explore the online store of Umeya Singapore, where you’ll find a carefully curated selection of the finest dried fruit, including plums and prunes. They also offer nuts, seeds, candies, ready-to-eat seafood, and other snacks.
  • Amazon: Visit Amazon’s website and search for “plum seeds” to discover a variety of options from different sellers. Read product descriptions and customer reviews to ensure the quality and reliability of the plum seeds you choose.
  • BestSeedsOnline.com: BestSeedsOnline.com is another trustworthy source for purchasing plum seeds. They offer a range of rare and exotic seed varieties with free shipping and a 60-day money-back guarantee.
  • Local Nurseries and Garden Centers: Check with local nurseries and garden centers in your area, as they may carry plum seeds or plum trees for planting.

Remember to review the specific product details, compare prices, and select a reputable seller to ensure the quality and authenticity of the plum seeds you purchase.

Now that you have guidance on buying plum seeds and know where to find them online, you can embark on your exciting journey of growing your own plum trees and revel in the joy of harvesting fresh and delicious plums from your own garden.

Buying Plums Plants

If you’re looking to add the beauty and bounty of plum trees to your garden, you’re in for a treat.

Buying plum plants is an excellent way to enjoy fresh and delicious plums right from your backyard.

Plum trees not only enhance the aesthetics of your space but also provide a source of delectable fruits.

Here, we will provide advice on buying plum plants and recommend reliable online sources where you can find them.

Advice on Buying Plums Plants

When it comes to buying plum plants, there are a few key considerations to ensure a successful addition to your garden.

Here are some tips:

  • Choose the Right Variety: Select a plum tree variety that is well-suited to your climate and growing conditions. Consider factors such as chill hours, disease resistance, and fruit characteristics to find the perfect match for your garden.
  • Check Rootstock Compatibility: Plum trees are often grafted onto different rootstocks, which can influence their size, vigor, and adaptability. Ensure that the rootstock used is compatible with your soil type and available space.
  • Consider Pollination Requirements: Some plum tree varieties are self-fertile, meaning they can set fruit without cross-pollination from another tree. However, many plum trees benefit from having a compatible pollinator nearby. Be sure to choose suitable pollination partners if necessary.
  • Inspect Tree Health: When purchasing plum plants, carefully examine the tree’s overall health. Look for well-formed branches, healthy leaves, and a sturdy root system. Avoid trees with signs of disease or pests.
  • Choose the Right Size: Plum trees are available in different sizes, ranging from dwarf varieties suitable for small gardens to standard-sized trees for larger spaces. Consider the available space in your garden and select a tree size that fits your needs.
  • Consider Mature Height and Spread: Take into account the eventual size of the tree at maturity, including both height and spread. Ensure that you have enough room for the tree to grow and that it won’t interfere with nearby structures or plants.
  • Research Care Requirements: Familiarize yourself with the specific care needs of the plum variety you choose. Factors such as pruning requirements, fertilization schedules, and pest management strategies may vary among different plum tree types.

By following these tips, you can make an informed decision when buying plum plants and set yourself up for success in growing healthy and fruitful trees in your garden.

Where to Buy Plums Plants Online

If you prefer the convenience of purchasing plum plants online, there are several reputable sources to explore.

Here are some reliable platforms where you can find high-quality plum plants:

  • Noah Garden Centre: Visit the largest online plant marketplace in Singapore, Noah Garden Centre. They offer a wide selection of plants, including plum trees, along with stylish pots and planters.
  • Little Flower Hut: Little Flower Hut provides plant delivery services in Singapore. They offer fully-grown potted plants, including low-maintenance indoor plants, office plants, and flowering plants. You can have these plants conveniently delivered to your doorstep.
  • Willis Orchard Company: Willis Orchard Company specializes in fruit trees, including plum trees. They offer a selection of plum tree varieties suitable for home orchards. Their trees are known for their quality and can provide succulent and delicious fruit from June through September.
  • The Tree Center: The Tree Center is another excellent online source for buying plum trees. They offer plum trees for sale that are both attractive and productive. Their trees are suitable for a range of planting sites and soil conditions, making them a great choice for various garden settings.
  • My Perfect Plants: At My Perfect Plants, you’ll find a variety of plum trees for sale. Their established plum trees are rooted in nursery containers, ensuring their safe arrival. These trees can provide fresh and juicy plums for your culinary needs.
  • Chris Bowers: Chris Bowers is a trusted online seller of fruit trees, including plum trees. They offer a range of plum tree varieties, allowing you to select the best options for your garden. Whether you have a small garden or an orchard, they have plum trees suitable for your space.
  • Wairere Nursery: Wairere Nursery offers a selection of plum trees for sale online. They highlight the ease of growing plums, their pest and disease resistance, and their tolerance to various conditions. You can choose from Japanese, European, and hybrid varieties to suit your preferences.
  • Southern Woods: Southern Woods provides a wide range of plants, including plum trees. They offer different varieties and rootstocks, allowing you to find the right plum tree for your garden. Their plants are of high quality and can be shipped directly to you.
  • Santhi Online Plants Nursery: Santhi Online Plants Nursery offers a low-cost online plant buying experience. While their website may have some logistical delays, they provide a range of plants, including plum trees, for you to choose from.
  • Wairere NZ: Wairere NZ is another option for buying plum trees online. They offer a selection of plum tree varieties, emphasizing the ease of growing plums and their tolerance to various conditions.

Now that you have insights into buying plum plants and know where to find them online, you can start creating a delightful plum orchard or add a single plum tree to your garden.

Enjoy the process of growing these beautiful trees and savor the sweet and juicy plums they produce.

Plums Varieties

Plums are delightful fruits that come in a wide range of colors, shapes, and flavors.

They belong to the genus Prunus and are classified as drupes due to their stone-like pit surrounded by soft, sweet or tart flesh.

With approximately 40 species of plums, these fruit-bearing trees can yield an impressive amount of medium-sized fruits, averaging around 100 lbs. (45 kg) per tree.

Plums Varieties to Grow

When it comes to choosing plums varieties to grow, you have several options that offer different characteristics and uses.

Here are some popular plum varieties to consider:

  • Japanese Plums: These plums, scientifically known as Prunus salicina, are typically oval or heart-shaped and come in various colors, including yellow, black, and red. Japanese plums have firm flesh and are often enjoyed fresh.
  • European Plums: Prunus domestica is the scientific name for European plums. They are generally sweet and are excellent for making jams, jellies, and baked goods. European plum varieties are diverse and offer a range of flavors and textures.
  • American Plum Trees: Also known as bush plums, American Plum Trees (Prunus americana) are hybrids of native North American species and various Japanese species. They are usually smaller fruits and are commonly used for making preserves and jams.
  • Other Plum Varieties: In addition to the three main types mentioned above, there are numerous other plum varieties available, each with its unique characteristics. Some examples include Black Amber, Elephant Heart, Green Gage, Damson, Santa Rosa, Methley, and Satsuma.

Japanese Plums

  • Black Amber: Large, dark purple fruits with sweet and juicy flesh.
  • Black Ruby: Medium-sized, deep purple plums with firm and flavorful flesh.
  • Santa Rosa: Round, red plums with yellow flesh and a sweet-tart flavor.
  • Shiro: Yellow-skinned plums with sweet and mild-tasting flesh.
  • Satsuma: Small to medium-sized plums with red skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Ruby Queen: Red-skinned plums with firm, sweet, and flavorful flesh.
  • Laroda: Large, dark purple plums with juicy, sweet flesh.
  • Methley: Medium-sized plums with dark red skin and sweet, aromatic flesh.
  • Burbank: Large, oval-shaped plums with dark purple skin and sweet flavor.
  • Beauty: Round, red plums with firm, sweet flesh and a hint of tartness.

European Plums

  • Italian Prune: Medium-sized, dark purple plums often used for drying or cooking.
  • Stanley: Large, dark blue plums with firm and juicy yellow flesh.
  • Damson: Small, oval-shaped plums with tart, astringent flesh used for cooking and making preserves.
  • Green Gage: Small to medium-sized plums with greenish-yellow skin and sweet, rich flavor.
  • Bluefre: Medium-sized, dark blue plums with sweet and juicy yellow flesh.
  • Valor: Large, oval-shaped plums with purple skin and sweet, flavorful flesh.
  • Fellenberg: Medium-sized, dark purple plums with sweet and slightly tangy flesh.
  • Czar: Medium-sized plums with dark purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Empress: Large, round plums with reddish-purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • President: Medium to large plums with reddish-purple skin and firm, sweet flesh.

American Plum Trees

  • Chickasaw Plum: Small, round plums with red or yellow skin and tart, juicy flesh.
  • American Wild Plum: Small, tart plums with red or yellow skin often used for making jams and jellies.
  • Miner Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with purple or red skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Marianna Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with reddish-purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Superior Plum: Medium-sized plums with red or yellow skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Ozark Premier Plum: Large, round plums with dark purple skin and sweet, flavorful flesh.
  • Wickson Plum: Small, round plums with red skin and firm, tart flesh.
  • Wild Goose Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with red or yellow skin and tangy, juicy flesh.
  • Robusto Plum: Medium-sized plums with dark purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Guthrie Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with red or yellow skin and sweet, flavorful flesh.
  • Hollywood Plum: Medium-sized plums with red or yellow skin and juicy, sweet flesh.
  • Redheart Plum: Medium-sized plums with dark red skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Alderman Plum: Large, oval-shaped plums with dark red skin and sweet, tangy flesh.

Other Plum Varieties

  • Mirabelle Plum: Small, round plums with yellow or red skin and sweet, rich flavor.
  • Yellow Egg Plum: Large, oval-shaped plums with yellow skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Belle de Louvain Plum: Medium-sized plums with reddish-purple skin and sweet, aromatic flesh.
  • Elephant Heart Plum: Large, heart-shaped plums with dark red skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Early Golden Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with yellow skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • President Plum: Large, round plums with purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Victoria Plum: Medium to large plums with yellowish-green skin and sweet, tangy flesh.
  • Purple Heart Plum: Medium-sized plums with purple skin and sweet, juicy flesh.
  • Diamond Plum: Medium-sized, oval-shaped plums with dark purple skin and sweet, flavorful flesh.
  • Green Reine Claude Plum: Small to medium-sized plums with green skin and sweet, honey-like flavor.

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there are many more plum varieties available.

The descriptions provided give a glimpse into the range of colors, flavors, and characteristics you can find among different plum varieties.

It’s important to consider your specific climate, growing conditions, and preferences when selecting plum varieties to grow.

This will ensure that you choose the most suitable varieties that will thrive in your garden and provide you with delicious fruits.

Remember to research each variety’s specific requirements for optimal growth, such as sunlight, soil conditions, and pollination needs, to maximize your chances of success.

Now that you have a better understanding of the different plum varieties, you can choose the ones that best suit your taste and gardening goals.

FAQs

What are plums?

Plums are a type of stone fruit that grow on small trees. They come in a variety of colors, including green, yellow, red, and purple, and can be sweet or tart. Plums are a good source of vitamins and minerals and are often used in cooking and baking.

When is the best time to plant plums?

The best time to plant plums is in the spring or fall when the soil is moist and the temperatures are mild. Planting in the fall allows the roots to establish before winter, while planting in the spring allows the tree to establish before the heat of summer.

What kind of soil do plums prefer?

Plums prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. They can tolerate a range of soil types, including clay or sandy soil. Adding compost or other organic matter can improve the soil’s fertility and drainage.

How much sunlight do plums need?

Plums prefer full sun to grow and thrive. They need at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. In hot climates, it may benefit from some afternoon shade to protect it from scorching.

How often should I water plums?

Plums prefer moist soil but should not be waterlogged. Water the tree deeply when the top inch of soil feels dry, but avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot. In general, plums can handle drought conditions.

Does plum require fertilization?

Plums benefit from regular fertilization. Use a balanced fertilizer in the spring before the tree starts to bloom. Be mindful not to over-fertilize, as it can result in excessive foliage growth and fewer fruits. A soil test can help identify any nutrient deficiencies.

How do I care for plums during the growing season?

During the growing season, continue to water the tree regularly and maintain moist soil. Prune the tree in the late winter or early spring to remove any dead or diseased wood and to shape the tree. Thin the fruits in the early summer to promote larger, healthier fruits.

Are there any common problems or pests with plums?

Plums can be susceptible to pests such as aphids, plum curculio, and Japanese beetles. They can also be affected by diseases like brown rot and powdery mildew. Regular inspection and early intervention can help prevent and manage these issues.

Can I grow plums in containers?

Yes, plums can be grown in containers. Choose a large container with good drainage and use a well-draining potting mix. Place the container in a location with full sun and water regularly to keep the soil moist. Be mindful that container-grown plums may not produce as much fruit as those grown in the ground.

What are some culinary uses for plums?

Plums are a versatile fruit that can be used in a variety of culinary applications. They can be eaten fresh, cooked, or baked into pies, tarts, and cakes. They can also be used to make jams, jellies, and sauces. Dried plums, also known as prunes, are a popular snack and can be used in baking and cooking.

Additional Resources

Here are some additional resources that provide valuable information on growing and caring for plums:

We hope that this compilation of resources helps you in growing and caring for your plum trees.